Scaling Up Conservation Agriculture with Trees for Improved Livelihoods and Environmental Resilience in Eastern and Southern Africa

Published on 28 February 2011

Research Areas

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Start Date: 10 December 2010 | End Date: 30 June 2013


The overall objective of the project is to improve the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Eastern and southern Africa while sustaining the natural resource base, by promoting the Conservation agriculture and Agroforestry practices. Its purpose is to build capacity of smallholder farmers in conservation agriculture and agroforestry practises for improved nutrition, household income and landscape health in Eastern and southern Africa. Participating countires are Tanzania, Kenya and Rwanda (East Africa) and Lesotho (Southern Africa)

The Project’s objectives shall include the following:
(a) Baseline study- To establish current; agricultural production systems, , policy framework, and on-going programmes. The study will be the benchmark upon which the Evergreen Agriculture investment project will be evaluated;
(b) Establishing sustainable tree seed/seedling supply systems by using the ‘Rural Resource Center’s approach;
(c) Build the capacity of smallholder farmers and partners for effective adoption of Evergreen Agriculture practices;
(d) Development of knowledge and information sharing products.

Project activities include the following:
1. Perform participatory priority species settings for fertilizer and high-value trees together with farmers, extension officers, marketing experts and other key informants at each of the research sites.
2. Compile information about present and potentially suitable tree species for each of the
sites with the help of information available from ICRAF Agroforestry databases, among
other sources.
3. Select a set of at least 5 suitable fertilizer and 10 high-value tree species for each of the sites based on the ecological range of the species now and in the future, as well as on the most recent knowledge on species propagation and husbandry techniques, economic value, marketing potential, value adding possibilities and land health benefits of the species.
4. Assess the domestication status and potential improvement of each of the selected tree species by using a combination of measures such as literature review, provenance trials and participatory domestication techniques.
5. Establishment of RRCs and satellite community nurseries.
6. Establishment of field genebanks and motherblocks at each of the sites for providing and maintaining high quality propagation material of the target species
7. Perform a literature research on available knowledge about genetic diversity, G x E
interactions and agronomy of the target species to help select suitable planting material
for selected sites.
8. Document existing knowledge (including traditional one) of fertilizer tree seed sources
and propagation techniques.
9. Test and improve propagation techniques in RRCs and satellite nurseries
10. Evaluate performance of seedlings in the nurseries and select the best provenances for propagation and dissemination.
11. Publish technical guidelines for fertilizer tree propagation.
12. Train trainers in nursery management (both technical and economical) and vegetative propagation; and use existing networks to disseminate technologies through farmer-tofarmer training.
13. Support for the establishment and strengthening of functional institutional and community based partnerships in target sites.
14. Develop and strengthen an iterative action research process that provides a framework for development of knowledge needed for scaling out/up Evergreen agriculture innovations as well as a participatory monitoring and evaluation process.
15. Establish partnerships for scaling up of Evergreen Agriculture practises.
16. Develop and operationalize knowledge management and communication strategy for
17. Develop appropriate Knowledge and Information Sharing Products (KISP) for different stakeholder groups.
18. Conduct mid and end of project conferences to share results.
19. Prepare bulletins for different electronic media.
20. Establish a web page within the ICRAF and other partner organizations websites.

The Project’s outputs are as follows:
(a) Baseline information on conservation agriculture and agroforestry in target areas
(b) Sustainable tree seed and seedling supply systems developed and promoted.
(c) Capacity of smallholder farmers and partners for effective adoption of Evergreen
Agriculture practices built.
(d) Iterative knowledge management and communication systems needed for scaling out/up of evergreen agriculture innovations developed, documented and disseminated.


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2 Responses to “Scaling Up Conservation Agriculture with Trees for Improved Livelihoods and Environmental Resilience in Eastern and Southern Africa”


    I am a Student at Bunda college of agriculture in Malawi?doing masters in soil healthy.I want to do my research in evergreen agriculture i.e.effect of minimum tillage and tephrosia candida rotational fallow on soil fertility and crop production.As you are saying that you started your work last year can you share some developments/observations in the areas you are working in or any other information related to please.

  2. Hassan Mohmed Ali says:


    as we know you work in keyn uganda Tazana Eithopia and southern Africa,why do you work in Somali? what is my question.

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