Mitigating the climate change effects: Improving sweet sorghum for food and fuel and enhancing its market linkages

Published on 24 April 2010

Research Areas

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Countries

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Timeline

Start Date: 17 January 2008 | End Date: 30 June 2012

Overview

The  project outputs include, suitable areas and farmers for sweet sorghum cultivation in target countries identified and various stakeholders in sweet sorghum value chain (production, processing, byproduct utilization and marketing) trained, high yielding sweet sorghum cultivars adapted to different agro-ecological zones in target countries identified  and data on sugar production generated in the identified target environments, value fo by-products assessed, GxE effects on sugar accumulation and composition of the plant understood and exploited, prototype machineries developed and tested in-situ for juice extraction, and syrup production, and market linkages established between sweet sorghum farmers and ethanol distilleries and farmers and decentralized units; linkage models popularized among the policy makers and other stakeholders and the impacts assessed.  Activities include, identification of appropriate locations and farmers in India and Mali for sweet sorghum cultivation, and sensitization of the farmers, research partners and private seed companies on sweet sorghum cultivation, genetic enhancement of sweet sorghum hybrids and varieties for increased biomass, juice content, Brix%, sugar yields and grain yields and their adaptation to target environments., multi-locational testing and analysis of a set of sweet sorghum cultivars to better understand GxE effects on sugar production and composition, development and testing of adapted machineries and equipment for decentralized syrup production. Research on juice conservation (as syrup or in-field fermentation) to reduce transport of fresh sorghum materials, testing and refining of two contract farming models for each of the centralized and decentralized models for the benefit of sweet sorghum farmers and ethanol distilleries. Integrate this into the model for use of the bagasse as fodder and capacity enhancemnent of the stakehodlers. In India, this project is being implemented in Ibrahimbad village in Medak district, Andhra Pradesh under rainfed systems. This is yet to be tested in Indo-Gangetic plains for want of resources. Special thrust on stem borer resistance is required for testing the sweet sorghum in Indo-Gangetic plain.

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