Learning the lessons of Rift Valley fever: Improved detection and mitigation of outbreaks

Published on 19 September 2011

Research Areas

Countries

Timeline

Start Date: 1 April 2007 | End Date: 31 March 2008

Overview

This project has two components:

  • Participatory assessment of Rift Valley fever (RVF) surveillance and rapid response activities
  • Economic impact assessment and identification of cost-effective mitigation measures

The first component is aimed at assessing the 2007 outbreak of RVF in Kenya in order to identify key lessons on how to better predict, detect and respond to RVF. This will also provide information on how to better engage decision-makers to act promptly and appropriately in response to future outbreaks of the disease.

The second component of the project will leverage the information generated from the participatory assessment towards developing tools that improve risk management and decision making for future RVF outbreaks. This will facilitate planning of governmental and non-governmental preparedness, develop better contingency plans and better inform public policy in case of subsequent outbreaks in terms of the impact of uncontrolled disease and cost-effectiveness of measures.

Objectives

Component 1

  1. To describe the symptoms of Rift Valley fever (RVF) in livestock and people, and assess the socio-cultural and economic determinants of knowledge and effectiveness of interventions as perceived by stakeholders in order to develop better surveillance and response systems.
  2. To assess stakeholders’ perceptions on the impact of RVF at the household to the local market level.
  3. To evaluate the local and national response capacity using key informant interviews and data collection in governmental and non-governmental organizations.
  4. To foster communication between public health and livestock professionals and between professionals and the communities.

Component 2

  1. To assess the economic impact of RVF at local and national levels.
  2. To assess and prioritize the cost-effectiveness of disease control options from a multi-sectoral perspective.
  3. To analyze intervention scenarios and provide recommendations that identify preferred strategies and steps needed to create institutional change to enhance the capacity to mitigate future outbreaks.

Funding: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

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