G2: Productive, profitable, and resilient agriculture and aquaculture systems

Published on 12 December 2011

Research Areas




Start Date: 30 April 2011 | End Date: 30 April 2014


The brackish-water coastal zone of the Ganges is home to some of the world’s poorest, most food insecure, and most vulnerable people.  The Research for Development Program of the Ganges Basin Development Challenges (BDC) is set up with a goal toreduce poverty, improve food security, and strengthen livelihood resilience in coastal areas through improved water governance and management, and more productive and diversified farm systems. Project G2 will contribute to this goal through developing and introducing more productive, diversified, and resilient agriculture/aquaculture production systems in the fresh-/brackish-water coastal zones of the Ganges delta in Bangladesh and India.

The project has five specific objectives, and each will produce an output contributing to the above overall objectives:

validate new germplasm suitable for various agricultural cropping systems and establish seed distribution networks in target zones;

develop and disseminate more productive, profitable, resilient, and diversified rice-based cropping systems (including rice-aquaculture);

enhance the productivity of homestead production systems;

develop novel brackish-water aquatic production systems for zones too saline for agricultural crops; and

produce technology and policy recommendations for up- and out-scaling.

The project maintains strong linkages with other projects in the Ganges BDC, builds on the success of the Phase 1Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF) projects in the Ganges, notably PN 10 and PN 7, and will leverage the ongoing work of other projects in the coastal zones of Bangladesh and India, especially Stress Tolerant Rice for Africa and South Asia (STRASA), USAID-Cereals Systems Initiative for South Asia (USAID-CSISA), and Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee (BRAC)’s agricultural program.

It will use two complementary approaches:

farmer participatory validation/demonstration of promising crops, cropping patterns, homestead farming, and aquacultural technologies; and

in-depth process analysis of new crop/aquaculture systems—using on-station experiments and simulation modeling.

The expected outcomes of the project include

decision-makers/policymakers endorse the use of modern varieties, technologies, and homestead and cropping systems and provide policies/support that enable widespread adaptation of research findings;

seed producers will produce adequate validated varieties for farmers; and

large-scale adaptation of the more productive, profitable, and stable cropping systems in fields and in homesteads.

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