CP19:Improved water and land management in the Ethiopian highlands and its impact on downstream stakeholders dependent on the Blue Nile (Upstream–downstream impacts in Nile)

Published on 1 January 2010

Research Areas

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Start Date: 1 May 2007 | End Date: 30 April 2010


Proposed by diverse stakeholders, this study hypothesizes that with increased scientific knowledge of the hydrological, hydraulic, watershed, and institutional processes of the Blue Nile in Ethiopia (Abay), constraints to up-scaling management practices and promising technologies within the catchment can be overcome, resulting in significant positive benefits (win-win) for both upstream and downstream communities, reducing win-lose scenarios. Undertaken in 2 ½ years, the major research questions are as: 1: What are the successful interventions that help improve productivity and reverse degradation? 2: What are the impacts downstream? 3: What are the opportunities and constraints enhancing rural livelihoods and food security? Based on the above hypothesis and research quetsions, the specific objectives of the project are: 1. Identify major water, land and livestock management constraints and opportunities in the Abay catchment, as well as impacts of current and future water, land and livestock management interventions within the catchment and downstream; 2. Adapt and apply existing hydrological and watershed, and economic models that can be used to estimate such impacts both basin-wide and locally in selected communities, including their costs and benefits, and identify ‘best-bet’ interventions; 3. Create a better overview of ‘best-bet’ management practices and interventions, and the hydrological and socio-economic conditions for up-scaling them; 4. Build capacity of research partners, NGOs, community leaders and policy makers, through collaboration with local institutions and universities to facilitate student research, stakeholder consultation, facilitation and engagement of stakeholders in dialogues on resource management issues and innovative approaches, as well as generating knowledge for planners and policy makers.

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