An Integrated Response System for Emerging Infectious Diseases in East Africa (AVID)

Published on 6 April 2010

Research Areas

Countries

Timeline

Start Date: 1 December 2008 | End Date: 1 December 2011

Overview

The emergence of new diseases is increasing globally. This is attributed to a variety of factors including agricultural system intensification and concurrent changes in ecosystem dynamics, alterations in market value chains and the accelerating global movement of humans, livestock and arthropod disease vectors. As the causes of disease emergence are complex, integrated response systems are needed that link a better understanding of pathogen, host and vector diversity and dynamics to improved risk targeting, supporting early warning and improved response capacity. This improved response capacity will require investment in both institutional and individual capacities to adapt and respond to changing disease circumstances.

This project has been developed by a consortium of research and implementation organizations spanning the health, veterinary, wildlife and vector communities in Kenya. Our organizations have experienced challenges in the prediction and prevention of emerging diseases and believe that our performance can be improved by better integration of surveillance, research and response. In developing such an integrated system, we plan to focus on the surveillance, research and response to Rift Valley fever (RVF) as an initial concrete example. RVF prediction and prevention has involved all key actors in this consortium and has the attention of the public and senior decision makers in East Africa. Our consortium plans to develop a network of surveillance, diagnostic, knowledge management and decision making platforms linked by key tasks. This network will be effective at improving the prediction and prevention of RVF and other arboviruses as well as serving as a model that can be applied and expanded to other emerging diseases in Kenya and more broadly in East Africa and elsewhere.

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